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Shade Plants

TREES

SWAMP DOGWOOD (Cornus foemina) Deciduous flowering tree growing to maximum of 20ft. Likes an acid soil, and will tolerant moist to flooded conditions. Bears clusters of small white flowers in the spring. Birds love the seeds. Good for Mesic hammock areas or banks of ponds or swales with over canopy of large trees.

SWEET GUM (Liquidamar styraciflua) Large deciduous shade tree growing to maximum of 60ft. Tolerates partial shade. Has beautiful fall color. Corky projections on branches. Conical in shape.

WALTER'S VIBURNUM (Viburnum obovatum) Small understory tree for partial shade. Maximum of 15ft. Evergreen with clusters of fragrant white flowers in spring.

RED MAPLE (Acer rubrum) Large deciduous, fast growing tree. Prefers acid soil in moist or flooded conditions. Grows in partial shade.

SWEET BAY MAGNOLIA (Magnolia virginiana) Large evergreen tree to maximum of 40ft. Prefers an acid soil in moist or flooded conditions. Beautiful silver color to underside of leaf. Fragrant small white flowers in spring. Fruits used by wildlife. Larval food for Giant Swallowtail butterfly. Grows in partial shade.

DAHOON HOLLY (Ilex cassine) Medium size evergreen tree to 35ft. Prefers acid soil and moist to flooded conditions. Will grow in dry areas but branch structure a little sparser. Red berries on the female. Grows in partial shade.

RED BAY (Persea borbonia) Large evergreen tree to 40-45ft. Prefers moist conditions, but will tolerate drier sites. Aromatic leaves which can be used in cooking. Butterfly attractor. Grows in partial shade.

SOUTHERN RED CEDAR (Juniperus silicicola) Large evergreen tree to 50 -60ft. Highly salt tolerant and will grow in most soil conditions. Excellent nesting cover and food source for birds. Referred to as the "Living Florida Christmas Tree". Excellent hedge and barrier plant. Grows in partial shade.

SHRUBS

SAW PALMETTO (Serenoa repens) Maximum height 8ft. Extremely cold tolerant and salt tolerant. Prefers average to dry sites and is evergreen. Excellent ground cover beneath trees or palms. Very slow growing. Grows in partial to full shade.

SAW PALMETTO (Blue) (Serenoa repens) Maximum height 8ft. Cold tolerant and salt tolerant. Prefers average to dry sites and is evergreen. Excellent ground cover beneath trees and palms. Unique bluish hue to leaves. Slow growing but not as slow as the green variety. Grows in partial to full shade.

COONTIE (Zamia pumila) Grows to maximum height of 3-4ft over a long period of time. Florida's only native cycad. Prefers average to dry sites. This is an excellent evergreen ground cover for that natural Florida look. Grows in full sun to full shade.

BEAUTY BERRY (Callicarpa americana) Maximum size of 6ft. Deciduous shrub with small pink flowers in spring and summer and purple berries in fall. Understory woodland shrub, which should be pruned following leaf drop thus making a more compact plant. Grows in full shade.

WILD COFFEE (Psychotria nervosa) Grows to maximum of 4-5ft. Understory evergreen shrub with glossy leaves, small pinkish white flowers in spring with red berries in fall. Cold tender. Grows in full shade.

FIREBUSH (Hamelia patens) Grows to maximum 12ft. Cold tender. Will freeze to ground but will revive. Wonderful color for shade. Coral tubular flowers with burnt red color leaves. Wildlife attractor. Grows in full shade.

CORALBEAN (Erythrina herbacea) Grows to 15ft. Deciduous shrub for dry woodland sites. Red tubular flowers before leaves in spring. Favorite of hummingbirds. Thorny. Grows in full shade.

DAHOON HOLLY (Ilex vomitoria) Grows to maximum height of 20ft. Evergreen shrub or small tree with small white flowers in spring. Red berries in fall and winter. Excellent salt tolerance. Prefers average to dry sites. Grows in partial to full shade.

WALTER'S VIBURNUM (Viburnum obovatum) Grows to maximum of 15ft. Evergreen shrub or small tree with clusters of white flowers in spring. Very versatile plant which can be easily pruned. Grows in partial to full shade.

MARLBERRY (Ardisia escalloniodes) Grows to maximum of 8ft. Dark glossy ever- green leaves. Highly salt tolerant. Cold tender. White trunk with fragrant white flowers. Dense habit. Good for screens.Grows in partial to full shade.

MYRSINE (Rapanea punctata) Grows to maximum of 10-15ft. Evergreen shrub for coastal sites. Prefers average to dry sites. Cold tender. Can be sheared. Grows in partial to full shade.

VIRGINIA WILLOW (Itea virginica) Grows to maximum 6ft. Prefers acid, moist soil. Reddish foliage in fall. Excellent shrub for banks of ponds and swales with over canopy of trees. Grows in full shade.

VINES

CROSS VINE (Bignonia capreolata) Average to moist soil. Deciduous vine with showy trumpet flowers in red with yellow centers. Eye-catching flowers. Grows in partial to full shade.

YELLOW JESSAMINE (Gelsemium sempervirens) Grows in average to moist soil. Evergreen vine with slightly fragrant yellow trumpet flowers in late winter - early spring. Also does well as ground cover. Grows in partial to full shade.

FERNS

SWORD FERN (Nephrolepis exaltata) Grows to 2 -4ft in height. Spreads quickly. Evergreen fern for moist conditions.Use as ground cover. Good for erosion control on slopes. Grows in full shade.

CINNAMON FERN (Osmunda cinnamomea) Grows to maximum of 5ft. Requires a moist site. Evergreen large leafed fern with wooly cinnamon brown hairs. Grows in full shade.

ROYAL FERN (Osmunda regalis) Grows to maximum of 5ft. Requires moist site. Evergreen delicate shaped fronds. Excellent mixed with other ferns as ground cover. Grows in full shade.

FISHTAIL FERN (Nephrolepis biserrata) Grows to maximum 4ft. Requires moist site. Evergreen ground cover with fish tail shaped fronds. Spreads quickly. Grows in full shade.

GROUNDCOVERS

PEPEROMIA (Peperomia sp.) Grows to 8inches. Prefers an acid moist soil. Evergreen ground cover with a tropical look. It is brittle and will not tolerate foot traffic Cold tolerant. Grows in full shade.

INLAND SEA OATS (Chasmanthium latifolium) Grows to 3ft. Prefers moist sites. Dried seed heads good in floral decorations. Grows in full shade.

WILD PLUMBAGO (Plumbago scandens) Grows to maximum 3ft. Hardy coastal ground cover with small white flowers throughout the year. Excellent butterfly attractor. Grows in partial to full shade.

PROSTRATE PETUNIA (Ruellia caroliniensis, sp) Grows to maximum 8 inches. Evergreen ground cover with small purple flower most of the year. Spreads by seed. Grows in full shade.

SPIDERWORT (Tradescantia ohiensis) Grows to maximum 18 inches. Quickly spreading fast growing evergreen ground cover with either blue or white flowers. Prefers moist site. Grows in full shade.

FLORIDA VOILET (Viola affinis & Viola primulifolia ) Grows to 6 inches. Prefers moist, acid soil. Spreads quickly by seed. Blue or white flowers in spring. Grows in full shade.

SCORPION TAIL (Heliotropium angiospermum) Grows to 2ft. Prefers wooded site. Good butterfly attractor. Long white terminal flowers. Grows in full shade.

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